Land resources and food security of Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus

Land resources and food security of Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus
Land resources and food security in Central Asia and the Caucasus
Resp. editors P. V. Krasil'nikov, M. V. Konyushkova, R. Vargas

This book was prepared by the subregional Eurasian soil partnership (EASP), which was established in November 2013 at a conference in Moscow (Russia). It is part of the Global soil partnership, an international initiative supported by FAO. At a meeting of the responsible representatives of the countries-participants of the EASP in Izmir (Turkey, 2015) adopted a Plan of implementation of the sub-regional partnership, which provides for the publication of scientific and scientific-practical materials relevant to the sustainable use of soil resources in the region.
This publication, the EASP aims to integrate the efforts of researchers and practitioners working in the field of rational use of soil resources, to solve large-scale tasks for preservation and improvement of the soil as an essential natural resource. It is expected that this will contribute to the solution of problems of sustainable land use in the wider context, including climate change, socio-economic situation in the region, issues related to land degradation and desertification, reflecting the importance of the soil in the region to ensure food security. Food security is traditionally viewed as an economic concept. It usually refers to the ability of a society to produce or to acquire the necessary for the population quantity of food, relative to fairly distribute food, and to ensure certain standards of quality. It is obvious that each of the components depends not only on purely economic indicators, but also on a number of factors related to natural resources and their condition. Among the natural resources that determine food security, one of the first places rightfully belongs to the soil. The original soil fertility, soil properties, limiting the agricultural use of soils and the degree of anthropogenic degradation of soils, largely determines all components of food security. This book is devoted to finding answers to questions about what the current situation of soil resources in Central Asia and the Caucasus, as it relates to food security and the impact on soil can improve the supply of food for the population.
The book has three parts. The first one devoted to General issues of food security and sustainable development, the role of soil resources in their provision. The second part presents the actual land resources of the region; the issues of their evaluation, degradation and successful practices of their recovery. The third part puts the estimate and functioning of soils in the context of system approach which covers multiple components of the landscape. We hope that this book will prove to be a useful summary as to issues of food security, and problems of soil resources in Central Asia, South Caucasus, and in regions with similar natural and socio-economic conditions.
The publication was prepared jointly by the Eurasian center for food security and the Secretariat of the Global soil partnership (FAO).
P. V. Krasilnikov, M. V. Konyushkova, R. Vargas

Rome, 2016
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