The book consists of three parts. The first part is dedicated to broader issues of food security and sustainable development and the role played by soil resources. The second part characterizes soil resources of the region, describes issues of their evaluation and degradation, and illustrates the successful practice of soil restoration. And the third places the evaluation and functions of the soil into the context of a systemic approach that covers multiple landscape components. We hope that this book will be a valuable collection of research papers both on the food security aspects and the issues of soil resources in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus, as well as in other regions with similar natural, social, and economic conditions.